All people have easy and affordable access to a free and open internet to improve their lives and create a more just world.



APC’s mission is to empower and support organisations, social movements and individuals in and through the use of ICTs to build strategic communities and initiatives for the purpose of making meaningful contributions to equitable human development, social justice, participatory political processes and environmental sustainability.



We believe that our mission is achieved through five interlinked strategies: research, advocacy, building networks and capacity, communications and outreach. To be instrumental to the APC community, research-based evidence must be communicated effectively in order to support advocacy, which then achieves change as its ultimate goal.

Our impact

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Member grants

Since 2016, APC has run a subgranting programme funded by the Swedish International Development and Cooperation Agency (Sida), disbursing over USD 1.2 million to 35 organisations as of 2019.

These subgrants are aimed at enabling our member organisations to contribute towards achieving APC’s vision. Subgranting is a way for APC members to contribute to the strategic plan, which defines the basis of unity of the members, while allowing broadness and flexibility. It is a creative and powerful tool to strengthen and grow APC’s advocacy networks.

Historically speaking, APC is not entirely new to subgranting. Its earliest experience of this were the ICT Policy Monitors, cross-border projects in Latin America, Europe, Asia and Africa in the early 2000s. Subgranting has also been an advocacy strategy for several projects in APC, including GenARDIS, EROTICS and the Take Back The Tech Fund, run by APC's Women's Rights Programme (WRP). More recently, subgranting has been used in the Sida-funded “Connecting the unconnected” project on local access and community networks in the global South, which has five different types of subgrants. It has also been tested in WRP's Feminist Tech Exchange, and forms an important part of the EU-funded “Challenging hate narratives and violations of freedom of religion and expression online in Asia” project.

All of these initiatives have worked with APC members as well as non-members. In contrast, APC's Sida-funded subgranting programme, as well as its Member Exchange and Travel Fund (METF), which allows organisations to participate in events and in member exchanges, are only available to members.

A number of organisations have used the funds for research and advocacy, with the funds being used for what members have considered groundbreaking research as well as practical, hands-on projects. Significant work has been done on fighting online gender-based violence by members working in all regions in the global South, as well as promoting open governance and transparency, or raising awareness around advocacy instruments such as the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms and the Feminist Principles of the Internet.

The range of initiatives funded by APC's subgranting programme is impressive, and even pushed the organisation outside of its usual focus on “the internet”. Grant recipients have held feminist festivals with poetry, theatre, storytelling, exhibitions and film screenings; they have developed radio programmes on online gender-based violence, produced documentaries, and worked with writers and film-makers.

What all these projects suggest is that for APC, subgranting is a creative and powerful way to catalyse change at the grassroots level, to raise the profiles of an organisation's work, and to help it break new ground on issues that are often left unattended.

EngageMedia: Digital Rights Camp in Southeast Asia. Image: EngageMedia website.
OneWorld Platform: Women in the public domain. Image: Group photo of the 1st IGF in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Rhizomatica: Implementation of ITU-D Recommendation 19. Image: Screenshot of Rhizomatica’s video
Point of View: Sexing the Interwebs. Image: Illustration of one of Point of View’s stories.
Foundation for Media Alternatives: Mapping the after-effects of the promise to rid the Philippines of illegal drugs. Image: FMA’s website
Media Matters for Democracy: New ways to fight online attacks on women in Pakistan. Image: Group picture taken during Muavin’s launch.
PROTEGE QV: Cameroon through the lenses of the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms. Image: Cover of the research publication by PROTEGE QV
Sulá Batsú: Spreading hope for more Central American women in the IT sector.
7amleh: Advocating for Google to put Palestine on the map. Image: Cover of 7amleh’s research publication
ALIN: Creating a Digital Learning Space for isolated communities in Kenya. Image: ALIN’s website
Colnodo: Promoting gender-focused community wireless network appropriation in a rural Colombian area. Image: Screenshot of Colnodo’s video
Derechos Digitales: Exploring the regulatory frameworks for community network development in Latin America. Image: Cover of the research publication by Derechos Digitales
Nodo TAU: Contributions to the design of a comprehensive local WEEE management system. Image: Screenshot of video on Nodo TAU’s website
Open Culture Foundation: Data access for environmental advocacy: Feature reporting on Taiwan’s open data regime. Image: Right To Information Rating website
Unwanted Witness. Defending fundamental human rights in the era of digital identity in Uganda. Image: Unwanted Witness website.


In December 2019, APC had 59 organisational members and 34 individual members active in 72 different countries, with the majority based in the global South.

APC added five new organisational members in 2019. Over the same period, APC lost three of its older organisational members.

  • Organizational members Organizational members
  • Individual members Individual members

APC Member organisations

In December 2019, APC had 59 organisational members active in 59 countries.

Individual members

In 2019, APC had 34 individual members in 26 countries.

  • Argentina

    • Damian Loreti
  • Australia

    • Sylvia Cadena
    • Andrew Garton
    • Lisa Gye
    • Ian W. Peter
  • Bangladesh

    • Bazlur Rahman
  • Brazil

    • Renata Aquino Ribeiro
    • Vera Vieira
  • Canada

    • Stéphane Couture
  • Colombia

    • Mario Morales Rincón
  • Congo, Republic Of The

    • Patience Luyeye
  • Czech Republic

    • Honza Malík
  • Ethiopia

    • Melaku Girma
  • Germany

    • Jeanette Hofmann
  • Guinea

    • Serge Ziehi
  • India

    • Japleen Pasricha
  • Italy

    • Leonardo Maccari
  • Jordan

    • Inam Ali
  • Malaysia

    • Gayathry Venkiteswaran
  • Netherlands

    • Rolf Kleef
  • New Zealand

    • Joy Liddicoat
  • Peru

    • Eiko Kawamura
  • Senegal

    • Makane Faye
  • Switzerland

    • William Drake
  • South Africa

    • Towela Nyirenda-Jere
    • Alex Comninos
  • Tunisia

    • Rafik Dammak
  • Uganda

    • Helen Nyinakiiza
  • United States

    • Mitra Ardron
    • Avri Doria
    • Mark Graham
    • Mallory Knodel
  • Uruguay

    • Pablo Accuosto
  • Zimbabwe

    • Natasha Msonza


Board of directors

  • Bishakha Datta, Point of View, India (chair)
  • Leandro Navarro, Pangea, Spain (vice-chair)
  • Liz Probert, GreenNet, United Kingdom (secretary)
  • Sylvie Siyam, PROTEGE QV, Cameroon (treasurer)
  • Julián Casabuenas G., Colnodo, Colombia
  • Michel Lambert, Alternatives, Canada
  • Osama Manzar, Digital Empowerment Foundation, India
  • Chat Garcia Ramilo, APC, Philippines (executive director)

Council representatives in December 2019

Staff team in 2019

  • Executive director: Chat Garcia Ramilo, Philippines
  • Operations director: Karen Banks, Australia/United Kingdom
  • CIPP manager: Valeria Betancourt, Ecuador
  • Asia policy regional coordinator: Gayatri Khandhadai, India
  • CHALLENGE movement building coordinator: Henry Koh, Malaysia (from 18 April 2019 until 31 July 2019)
  • CHALLENGE project coordinator: Pavitra Ramanujam, India (from 14 October 2019)
  • CHALLENGE project administrative coordinator: Shivani Lal, India (from 11 April 2019)
  • AfDec project coordinator: Masimba Bishiwara, Zimbabwe (until 19 June 2019)
  • APC Labs-community networks coordinator: Mike Jensen, Portugal
  • Local access policy and regulations coordinator: Carlos Rey-Moreno, Spain
  • Community networks project coordinator: Kathleen Diga, South Africa
  • Community networks gender and women’s engagement coordinator: Cynthia El Khoury, Lebanon
  • Community networks movement building coordinator: Nicolás Andrés Pace, Argentina
  • Community networks project administrative assistant: Ndunge E. Kiundi, Kenya
  • GISWatch editor (consultant): Alan Finlay
  • Intern: Marilyn Bastedo, South Africa (until 5 March 2019)
  • Intern: Carmen Ferri, Philippines (from 27 August 2019)
  • WRP manager: Jac sm Kee, Malaysia (until 31 July 2019)
  • Global women's rights policy lead and APC WRP projects manager: Janine Moolman, South Africa (until 30 June 2019)
  • WRP co-manager: Janine Moolman, South Africa (from 1 July 2019)
  • WRP knowledge building strategy lead: Katerina Fialova, Czech Republic (until 30 June 2019)
  • WRP co-manager: Katerina Fialova, Czech Republic (from 1 July 2019)
  • coordinator: Namita Aavriti, India (until 30 June 2019)
  • WRP co-manager: Namita Aavriti, India (from 1 July 2019)
  • WRP capacity building strategy lead: Jennifer Radloff, South Africa
  • LAC capacity building and networking coordinator: Erika Smith, Mexico
  • Spanish language coordinator and PARM focal point: Dafne Plou, Argentina (until July 2019)
  • Sexual rights project and network coordinator: hvale vale, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Feminist research lead: Tigist Hussen, South Africa
  • Online gender-based violence coordinator: Sheena Magenya, Kenya
  • Bilingual Spanish-English editor and content production coordinator: Mariana Fossatti Cabrera, Uruguay (from 1 November 2019)
  • Intern: Florie Dumas-Kemp, South Africa (from 27 August 2019)
  • Global policy advocacy lead: Deborah Brown, United States
  • Global policy advocacy coordinator: Verónica Ferrari, Argentina (from 5 August 2019)
  • Senior adviser on policy advocacy, internet governance and strategic planning (consultant): Anriette Esterhuysen, South Africa
  • AfDec project coordinator and AfriSIG organiser: Koliwe Majama, Zimbabwe (from 31 May 2019)
  • Adviser: Avri Doria, United States
  • Director policy and strategy: Anriette Esterhuysen, South Africa (until May 2019)
  • Intern: Sidra Rizvi, United States (from 24 June until 16 August 2019)
  • Intern: Mehar Gujral, South Africa (until 10 May 2019)
  • Communications manager: Flavia Fascendini, Argentina
  • Media outreach lead: Leila Nachawati Rego, Spain
  • Language coordinator: Lori Nordstrom, Uruguay
  • Publications and multimedia coordinator: Cathy Chen, Canada
  • Content production and curation lead: Maja Romano, Canada
  • French editor: Olga Tsafack, United States (until June 2019)
  • Intern: Gabrielle Willms, South Africa (until 17 May 2019)
  • Intern: Fabiola Ingabire, South Africa (from 27 August 2019)
  • Network and membership building coordinator: Karel Novotný, Portugal
  • Network development project coordinator: Pavitra Ramanujam, India
  • Finance manager: Maya Sooka, South Africa
  • Senior finance coordinator: Fatima Bhyat, South Africa
  • Finance associate: Christine Nyambo, Zimbabwe
  • Tech coordinator: Roxana Bassi, Argentina
  • Technical systems developer: Adolfo Dunayevich Garber, Mexico
  • Web developer: Maja Kraljic, Slovenia/Germany
  • Administrative officer: Eunice Mwesigwa, South Africa
  • Logistics coordinator: Shawna Finnegan, Canada
  • Resource mobilisation coordinator: Natalia Tariq, Pakistan (from 15 July 2019)
  • Senior HR associate: Misty McWilliam, United States (until 31 August 2019)


Financial supporters

  • AmplifyChange (agreement administered by Mannion Daniels Ltd.)
    • Expanding EROTICS Networks in South Asia
  • ARTICLE 19
    • Global Information Society Watch
  • Department for International Development (DFID)
    • APC Mentorship Programme / Digital Access Programme
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, through the Directorate of Development Cooperation (DGIS) FLOW II Fund via Creating Resources for Empowerment in Action (CREA)
    • All Women Count: Take Back the Tech!
  • European Union, European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR)
    • CHALLENGE: Challenging hate narratives and violations of freedom of religion and expression online in Asia
  • Ford Foundation
    • BUILD programme: Core support for institutional strengthening (2019-2020)
  • International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
    • Making a Feminist Internet: Research Network
  • OAK Foundation
    • Unrestricted support for the Women’s Rights Programme (2018-2019)
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
    • Core funding for the APC Strategic Plan (2016-2019)
  • United States Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL)
    • Securing human rights online in Africa through a strong and active “African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms” network
  • Womanity Foundation
    • Adapt Take Back the Tech! in Mexico: Challenge norms, build awareness, amplify collective power, strengthen response
  • Anonymous
    • General support for the APC Women's Rights Programme 2018-2019
  • African Union Commission
    ARTICLE 19
    Deutsche Welle Akademie
    Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
    Internet Society (ISOC)
    Institute of International Education (IIE)
    Public Interest Registry
    • Contribution towards African School on Internet Governance (AfriSIG)
  • African Union Commission
    Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
    • Contribution towards African Internet Governance Forum
  • Facebook
    • Support for African Declaration work in the SADC region
  • Internet Society (ISOC)
    • Contribution to costs of LocNet's training workshop for WATRA in Lome, Togo, June 2019
  • Prospera International Network of Women's Funds
    • Prospera International Network of Women's Funds Support to Prospera members in strengthening their digital security protocols/systems
  • SMEX
    • Federal sub-award agreement (CYRILLA) (2018-2020)
  • Alternatives
    • Distance training for interns
  • Global Partners Digital
    • Paper "Unpacking the GGE's framework on responsible state behaviour: Cyber norms"
  • International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX)
    • Evaluation of IFEX translation services
  • Internet Society (ISOC)
    • Book production coordination: “Telecommunications Reclaimed: A hands-on guide to networking communities”
  • Mozilla Corporation
    • Putting cybersecurity on the rights track: An exploratory project
  • Open Society Institute
    • Grantee-partners' digital security assessment
  • Small Media Foundation
    • Training material curriculum review
  • Stichting OXFAM International
    • Feminist Tech Exchange
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
    • Report “Supporting Better Community-Based Connectivity in Refugee Settlements in East Africa”
  • Women’s Fund Asia
    • Conduct risk assessment for Women's Fund Asia grantee-partners

APC financial statements for 2019

The 2019 audited financial statements will be available after October 2020 here.

Balance sheet at 31 December 2019 (unaudited)

  2019 (USD) 2018 (USD)
ASSETS 3,019,077
Non-current assets 997 897
Equipment 997 897
Current assets 2,242,748 3,018,180
Accounts receivable 140,398 42,852
Accrued income – grants 29,966 246,454
Cash and cash equivalents 2,072,384 2,728,874
TOTAL ASSETS 2,243,745 3,019,077
Reserves and sustainability funds 619,396 464,953
Sustainability funds 578,249 426,244
Retained income 41,147 38,709
Current liabilities 1,624,349 2,554,123
Accounts payable 213,344 54,833
Deferred income from grants 1,374,338 2,466,595
Provision for leave pay 36,667 32,695

Income statement for the year ended 31 December 2019 (unaudited)

2019 (USD) 2018 (USD)
INCOME 5,560,395 3,360,866
Grants 5,145,212 2,960,606
Earned Income 400,260
Commissioned services, contributions and event income 364,141 371,089
Interest 0 106
Membership fees 25,919 25,331
Sales and sundry 25,123 3,734
EXPENDITURE 5,450,466 3,281,148
Governance, Programme Development, Monitoring and Evaluation and Administration 747,468 641,806
Network Development 635,446 929,620 (With Communications and Technical Units)
Communications and Technical Units 426,717 929,620 (With Network Development)
Communications and Information Policy Programme 2,421,676 762,343
Global Advocacy and Policy Strategy 184,212 228,630
Women’s Rights Programme 1,034,947 718,749
SURPLUS FOR THE YEAR 109,929 79,719


Bishakha Datta


Bishakha Datta

These are all clappable things: Looking back in wonder

In the last four years, it has often felt like the internet is infected by an invisible virus that keeps mutating and taking different forms. Surveillance capitalism. Hate speech. Polarisation. Political manipulation. Disinformation. Data extraction. Online violence. As this intractable virus keeps shifting shape from one to the other, it has felt almost impossible to root out.

Amidst this growing sense of despair, the APC network has worked relentlessly across 72 countries to keep alive the promise of a free and open internet. As activists, we are often so stretched, so caught up in doing what it takes to create change, that we forget to celebrate our victories, the impact we’ve had, the change that we have already created. That’s what I want to celebrate here.

Let’s start with policy and governance, where APC has been a prominent voice over the last four years, protecting the publicness of the internet and keeping governance itself accessible, democratic, transparent, accountable and inclusive. Our consistent policy advocacy resulted in the first-ever UN resolution on preventing and responding to digital violence against women and girls. We influenced the language and priority of issues in Human Rights Council resolutions and helped shape UN guidelines for online content regulation. More civil society actors from the global South now influence internet governance processes and, for the first time, the IGF included a main session on gender. These are all clappable things.

A feminist internet is part of our vision of a free and open internet, and in the last four years, we’ve infused the global digital conversation with feminist principles of the internet, bridged the gap between feminism and tech research, and brought more feminist and queer voices into policy and governance spaces. More claps and hugs.

A free and open internet has to be one that is for all, not some. In the last four years, we broke new ground to ensure that people who are digitally excluded have affordable and sustainable connectivity. We strengthened community networks in the global South, built capacity in communities, developed local knowledge and know-how, influenced policy makers, and had a visible impact in unconnected communities. That means a lot, especially today, when digital connectivity and resilience are pathways to all our rights.

During this time, our network has grown to 59 member organisations and 34 individual members from 72 countries. Among us, we’ve ensured that hundreds of journalists, bloggers, teen girls, feminists, and other human rights defenders are now safer online and are considering using open source technologies. We continually draw strength and resources from each other. Many of us came together – physically – at the global council meeting in 2017, where we shared more deeply, made friends and plans, and went back energised and invigorated. We will miss meeting in person at our next global council meeting in 2020, but hope to feel that camaraderie online.

All of us on the outgoing board of directors feel awe and wonderment at what we’ve done in the last four years. (Oh, and so do others, since we’ve got a bunch of awards.) It’s that quiet joy of creating bigger and bigger ripples and circles of change. It’s that patient chipping away at doing the right thing. As the German philosopher Rainer Maria Rilke once said, “Have patience with everything that remains unsolved in your heart – live the question.” We continue to live the question. We work to find the answers. We have the resilience to root out that intractable virus from the internet and refresh it with hope. We will get there.

With thanks and hugs,

Bishakha Datta

Chat Garcia Ramilo

Executive Director

Chat Garcia Ramilo

The APC network: A force for change for 30 years

For APC, 2019 was a year of looking back and forward at the same time. 2019 was the end of our four-year strategic cycle. To begin a new one, we embarked on a year-long process of charting our strategic direction for the next four years.

The previous pages of this impact report are brimming with stories of how the APC network has collectively contributed to change in the last four years – from enabling the emergence and growth of community connectivity initiatives in the global South, to reframing feminist organising and movement building in the digital age and reinforcing the exercise of human rights online through policy advocacy that contributed to international norms and standards, including the first UN resolution recognising online gender-based violence as a human rights violation. Over the last four years, APC brought over 200 civil society actors from the global South to the table in a concerted effort to ensure that diverse voices influence internet governance discussions and decision making.

From 2016 to 2019, APC disbursed over USD 2 million to support the work of APC member organisations to catalyse change at the grassroots level. In addition, APC contributed USD 400,000 to partnership initiatives with community networks and feminist, sexual rights and human rights activists and organisations in the global South.

APC has always derived its strength from the experience, expertise, activism and diversity of the people and organisations that make up its network. In 1990, APC was founded by seven organisations that formed a global network of networks with a deep commitment to making new communication technologies available to movements working for social change.

In looking forward, APC’s strategic planning called for deep reflection on our vision for change and mission as a global organisation and network that draws from our history and identity.

After 30 years, APC’s identity as a diverse and grounded community is stronger with members in 72 countries. Our network continues to be a home for people-centred technology innovators and practitioners who advocate and use technologies that are open source, privacy-respecting and sustainable. APC’s role as policy change actors who connect national, regional and global policy and practice has remained constant. Over the years, we have built APC into a powerful human rights and feminist network that influences discourse on human rights norms and standards, gender justice and feminist values in internet and digital technology policy, governance, development and practice. APC has become a trusted bridge builder, connector and convener linking movements, organisations and interests at national, regional and global levels to support communities and initiatives that promote the role of the internet in contributing to equitable and sustainable development, social justice and participatory political processes.

The APC network is the creative and potent force for change driving APC’s new vision and mission for 2020 onwards. We locate our activism firmly within social movements to challenge power structures towards realising our vision – where people use and shape the internet and digital technologies to create a just and sustainable world, leading to greater care for ourselves, each other and the earth.

In 2020, we had planned to bring our enduring network of activists, feminists, techies, advocates, environmentalists… and friends together in Mexico to celebrate our 30th anniversary and imagine what APC can and should be in 2030. Like everyone else, we had to cancel our physical meeting when the COVID-19 pandemic engulfed the world. But rather than locking down, we turned to those who are closest to us, and have become “closer than ever” through online connection – something we have been doing for several decades now, after all. For APC, this was and is our community, who share 30 years of collective activism and solidarity. It is the same network that will find ways to stay relevant, continue to resist, and thrive through this pandemic and in the coming decade.